Prosocial Behavior: Everything You Need to Know
Prosocial behavior is something that thousands have. This can be beneficial on some level, as an individual’s actions towards others can be based on empathy alone. There are many advantages of prosocial behavior too. So, what should you know about prosocial behavior, and what benefits does it offer?
Understanding Prosocial Behavior
This term was introduced in the 1970s when scientists were searching for an acronym for antisocial behavior. Prosocial behaviors occur when a person does something that is supposed to help another. So, in simple terms, you can do something based on the happiness or welfare of someone you know.
For example, someone has been hurt in an accident and you can empathize with them and the situation they face. You are a prosocial person, and your behavior is prosocial. When you exhibit these behaviors, your actions can be helpful, comforting, and supportive.
The Advantages of Prosocial Behavior
There are many benefits of prosocial behavior, including:
- Stress-Reducing: Prosocial behavior can help reduce stress on the body.
- Mood-Boosting: When you help others, you can be a healthier person for your efforts.
- Social Support: This is something everyone needs when things get a little tough in life. It reduces the feeling of depression and loneliness too.
These advantages have been found in research. While prosocial behaviors aren’t given much thought, they can pose many benefits. They have their place in society, even if only a select few possess them.
The Different Variants of Prosocial Behavior
Prosocial behavior isn’t limited to one type; there are different forms of prosocial behavior. Those include:
- Altruism: There is no personal gain or expectation for any rewards. When you help someone, it is purely out of the goodness of your heart. It’s altruistic; an action devoid of any reward.
- Proactive: This type of prosocial behavior is done for some sort of person or self-gain. For example, you help someone so you can feel good about your action. This is proactive.
- Reactive: This occurs when you respond to the needs of the individuals.
Many motivational factors are involved with prosocial behavior. For example, if you wanted to join a group, you may show proactive behavior to fit in. So, you would be showing your prosocial behaviors to gain a reward – entry into a group or club.
Prosocial behavior focuses on the actions that aim to help others around you. There can be many advantages to prosocial behavior too, such as improving your mood and reducing stress. There are also many forms of prosocial behaviors, such as reactive, proactive, and altruistic. These behaviors have a place in society and can be used for good too.