HTTP Status Codes
As users, we interact with various websites and web applications on a daily basis. Every time we send a request to a server, we receive a response from it. This response includes a status code that informs us about the outcome of our request.
HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol) status codes are three-digit numbers that are included in server responses. These codes inform users and developers about the results of their requests. HTTP status codes have several functions, including providing information on the status of a server, the result of the request, and any errors or redirections.
There are five categories of HTTP status codes. Each category has its own set of codes and meaning. Below are the categories and their corresponding meaning:
These codes inform the client that the server has received their request and is processing it. Examples include:
– 100 – Continue: Confirms successful receipt of the initial part of the request and informs the client that further information is expected.
– 101 – Switching Protocols: Informs the client that the server is switching to a different protocol through an Upgrade header.
These codes indicate that the request has been successful. Examples include:
– 200 – OK: The request was successful, and the server is returning the requested data
– 201 – Created: The request has been accepted and a new resource has been created
– 204 – No Content: The request has been successful, but there’s no data to send back to the client
These codes inform clients that the requested resource has been moved or relocated. Examples include:
– 301 – Moved Permanently: The requested resource has been permanently moved to a new URL
– 302 – Found: The requested resource has been temporarily moved to a new URL
– 304 – Not Modified: The client’s cached copy of the resource is still valid and can be used
4xx Client Error
These codes indicate that there was an error in the client’s request. Examples include:
– 400 – Bad Request: The request was invalid or improperly formatted
– 401 – Unauthorized: The client lacks proper authentication to access the requested resource
– 404 – Not Found: The requested resource could not be found on the server
5xx Server Error
These codes indicate that there was an error on the server. Examples include:
– 500 – Internal Server Error: The server has encountered an error in processing the request
– 502 – Bad Gateway: The server was acting as a gateway or proxy and received an invalid response from the upstream server
– 503 – Service Unavailable: The server is currently unavailable due to maintenance, overload, or other reasons.
HTTP status codes are essential for effective communication between clients and servers. They alert clients of the outcome of their requests and help developers identify issues or bugs in their applications. Understanding HTTP status codes is crucial for developers and IT professionals to ensure optimal performance and better user experience.