Digital Learning Theories and Models You Should Know
Digital learning is a type of instructional practice learning that utilizes technology to strengthen the student’s learning experience. This learning form provides professional learning opportunities for teachers as well as a personalized learning experience for students. While many studies are focused on methodology and pedagogy, these five digital learning models and theories utilize the benefits of technology and enhance students’ learning experience.
The R.A.T Model: Replacement, Amplification, and Transformation
The R.A.T Model is an assessment framework developed by Dr. Joan Hughes, aimed at helping teachers to perform an accurate self-assessment of their usage of technology in the classroom. It consists of the following steps:
· Replacement: Refers to the use of technology that doesn’t change the accepted instructional practices but acts as a different means to the same instructional end.
· Amplification: While the task remains the same, the technology by amplification ensures the extension of efficiency, effectiveness, and productivity of instructional practices.
· Transformation: Applies to the modification of the different qualities of instruction, learning, or curriculum in new and inventive ways.
The objective is to use the RAT Model to assess the technology level of use in the classroom while ensuring it serves its intended purpose of promoting learning and problem-solving.
The TPACK Framework: Technological, Pedological, And Content Knowledge
The TPACK Framework is a learning model that attempts to identify the degree of knowledge teachers need for successful technology integration in their lectures. The basis of the framework emphasizes that teachers must understand how technology relates to both pedagogy and content. It also involves a combination of technological, pedagogical, and content knowledge, which is essential for the effective use of educational technology.
Connectivism is a learning model advanced by George Siemens, who is known as “the learning theorist for the digital age.” The theory of Connectivism acknowledges that learning derives from forming connections while also propelling the idea that it is no longer just an internal process. Instead, it comes from collaboration and presenting your ideas to others. Consequently, the focus is on providing opportunities for students to share what they have learned and how to apply it to problem-solving scenarios using technology.
The ADDIE Model
The ADDIE model is associated with instructional design. Its five phases – Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation, are effectively applied towards the technology implementation in the classroom. By closely examining these phases in the learning context, you can better evaluate the use of technology as a learning tool while having a chance for reflection.
Online Collaborative Learning (OCL)
Online Collaborative Learning, developed by Linda Harasim, focuses on how different Internet qualities can provide learning environments that foster collaboration and research. The teacher provides resources to the students, facilitates the collaborative process, and gives timely feedback on their project or assignment progress.
The world of education is rapidly changing. By staying well informed of the most recent studies and learning models, you will not just effectively and purposefully use technology in the classroom but also help students to move forward to the level.