What is a High-Level Language (HLL)?
A high-level language (HLL) is a programming language that is designed to be easy to understand, read and write by humans. The main objective of high-level languages is to enable a programmer to write code without worrying about the low-level details of the computer hardware.
Programs written in high-level languages are translated into machine code using a compiler, interpreter, or both depending on the language. Examples of HLLs include Java, Python, C++, and many more. These languages allow developers to write efficient and reliable software applications that can run on various platforms and hardware devices.
High-level languages come with a wide range of features and libraries that make programming faster and more efficient. Some of the most common language features include memory management, object-oriented programming concepts like inheritance and polymorphism, and type safety. These features help to reduce errors and make it easier for developers to write and maintain code.
One of the significant advantages of high-level languages is the ability to develop and prototype software applications more quickly. Since the syntax and structure of these languages are more natural to read and understand, developers can write code faster, with fewer errors, and spend more time focusing on developing new features.
Another advantage of high-level languages is the platform independence. Unlike low-level languages like assembly, which are hardware-specific, high-level languages are designed to be portable across operating systems, hardware architectures, and web browsers.
At the same time, high-level languages are often more inefficient than low-level languages since they require a runtime environment to interpret the code. The advantage to this is that it allows the code to be run on multiple platforms, but that hinders the speed of the program. As such, high-level languages are typically not used for system-level programming, where performance and resource usage are critical.
In conclusion, high-level languages are powerful tools for software development. They allow programmers to write efficient code quickly without worrying about the low-level details of the hardware. High-level languages are widely used in software development today due to their ease of use, portability, and numerous library and feature options.