How to Set Up an SFTP Server on Linux
If you are looking to set up a secure file transfer protocol (SFTP) server on Linux, then you’re in the right place. SFTP is a secure SSH file transfer protocol that can be used to transfer files securely between computers on the internet.
SFTP servers are commonly used by companies to transfer sensitive files between branches or third-party vendors. Setting up an SFTP server on Linux is not difficult, but it does require a bit of technical knowledge.
Here are the steps you need to follow to set up an SFTP server on Linux:
Step 1: Install OpenSSH Server
OpenSSH server is commonly used to set up SFTP servers on Linux. First, make sure that you have the OpenSSH package installed on your Linux system. If you do not have it installed, you can install it using the following commands:
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install openssh-server
Step 2: Create a New User Account
Once you have installed OpenSSH server, you need to create a new user account which will be used to access the SFTP server. You can create a new user account using the following command:
sudo adduser sftpuser
After typing in the above command, you will be asked to enter a password and other user information. Make sure to choose a strong password for the user account.
Step 3: Configure the SFTP Server
Next, you need to configure the SFTP server to use the new user account. Open up the sshd_config file using the following command:
sudo nano /etc/ssh/sshd_config
Add the following lines to the end of the file:
Match User sftpuser
After adding these lines, save and close the file.
Step 4: Restart the SSHD Service
Once you have configured the SFTP server, you need to restart the SSHD service to apply the changes. Use the following command to restart the SSHD service:
sudo service sshd restart
That’s it! Your SFTP server is now up and running. You can access it using any SFTP client software, such as FileZilla, WinSCP or Cyberduck.
Setting up an SFTP server on Linux is not difficult, but it does require some technical knowledge. By following the steps outlined above, you can easily integrate SFTP into your organization’s file transfer process. Remember to always keep your SFTP server updated with the latest security patches to mitigate any potential security risks.