Every EV Charging Standard and Connector Type Explained
As electric vehicles (EVs) become more popular, the need for EV charging stations is growing. However, not all charging stations and connectors are created equal. There are multiple EV charging standards and connector types, each with their own unique features and advantages. In this article, we’ll explain every EV charging standard and connector type that you may come across.
CHAdeMO is a fast charging standard used mainly in Japan and other Asian countries. It stands for “CHArge de MOve” and can charge an EV up to 80% in just 30 minutes. The connector is a round, with two small pins on the top and bottom and two larger pins in the middle.
Combined Charging System (CCS) is a fast charging standard used by many EV manufacturers in Europe and North America. It is a combination of Type 1 (J1772) and Type 2 (Mennekes) connectors, which together can provide both AC and DC charging capabilities. CCS2 is the most commonly used connector type in Europe, while CCS1 is used in North America.
3. Tesla Supercharger
Tesla Supercharger is a proprietary charging standard, used only by Tesla vehicles. It is one of the fastest charging standards available, with the ability to charge up to 80% in 30 minutes. The connector is a proprietary design with a distinctive “T” shape, and can only be used on Tesla vehicles.
4. Type 1 (J1772)
Type 1 is a standard charging connector used primarily in the US and Japan. It has been adopted by many EV manufacturers such as Nissan, Mitsubishi, and Toyota. The connector is a rectangular shape with five pins on the top and bottom.
5. Type 2 (Mennekes)
Type 2 is a charging connector used in Europe, the UK and some parts of Asia. It has been adopted by many EV manufacturers such as BMW, Mercedes-Benz, and Volkswagen. The connector is oval-shaped with seven pins.
6. AC/DC Charging Stations
A combo of AC (alternating current) and DC (direct current) charging stations is becoming more popular. These charging stations often use the CCS connector but can provide power in both AC and DC form, making them more versatile and efficient.
7. Wireless Charging
Wireless charging is a new charging technology that is still in the early stages of adoption. Essentially, it eliminates the need for physical connectors and plugs, as an EV can be charged simply by parking over a wireless charging pad. Currently, this technology is still expensive and not widely available.
In conclusion, understanding EV charging standards and connector types can be confusing, but it’s important to know what you need to charge your EV. Different manufacturers use different charging connectors, so it’s good to familiarize yourself with the types available to make sure you have access to charging stations wherever you go. Additionally, with fast charging standards like CHAdeMO and CCS, charging an EV has become quicker and more convenient than ever before.