What is Web Programming?
Web programming, also called web development, refers to the creation of dynamic and interactive websites, web applications, and web services using various programming languages, tools, and technologies. Web programming involves designing, coding, testing, and maintaining websites and web applications for different devices such as desktops, laptops, tablets, and smartphones.
To understand what web programming is, it’s essential to know how the web works. The web is a vast network of interconnected computers and servers that communicate with each other using standard protocols, such as HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol) and TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol). Websites are composed of hyperlinked documents, which are stored on web servers and accessed by users through web browsers, such as Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, or Microsoft Edge.
Web programming comprises four main components: client-side programming, server-side programming, database management, and web security. Let’s take a closer look at each of these components.
Server-side programming involves writing code that runs on the web server and handles the business logic and data processing of a website or web application. Server-side programming languages include PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor), Ruby on Rails, Python, and Java. Server-side programming is often used to generate dynamic web content, such as user authentication, form submission, and data retrieval from databases.
Database management involves storing and retrieving data from a backend database, such as MySQL, MongoDB, or PostgreSQL. Databases are essential for web applications that require persistent data storage, such as social media platforms, e-commerce sites, and content management systems.
Web security involves protecting websites and web applications from cyber attacks and vulnerabilities that can compromise user data and privacy. Web security measures include using encryption technologies, such as SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) and HTTPS (Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure), implementing user authentication and authorization, and performing regular security audits and updates.