How to get calculate percentage
Calculating percentages is a basic mathematical concept and skill that people use in their everyday lives. Whether it’s determining discounts during sales, calculating your grades, or working out statistics, knowing how to calculate percentages is essential. In this article, we will discuss multiple methods for calculating percentages so you can find the one that works best for you.
Method 1: The Basic Formula
The most straightforward method for calculating a percentage is using the basic formula:
Percentage = (Part / Whole) x 100
Given a certain part and knowing the whole, you can easily identify the percentage by dividing the part by the whole and then multiplying the result by 100.
For example, if you scored 45 out of 50 questions in an exam correctly, your percentage would be:
(45 / 50) × 100 = 0.9 × 100 = 90%
Method 2: Decimals and Proportions
Another way to compute percentages is by understanding decimals and proportions. For instances where you’re asked to increase or decrease a number by a specific proportion, follow these steps:
1. Convert the given percentage into a decimal by dividing it by 100.
2. Multiply the original value by the decimal value.
3. Add or subtract this result from the original value, depending on whether it’s an increase or decrease.
For example, if you want to find what a 20% increase in 150 is:
1. Convert: (20 / 100) = 0.2
2. Multiply: (150 * 0.2) = 30
3. Add: (150 + 30) = 180
Method 3: Using Fractions
Percentages can also be understood as fractions of a whole number with a denominator of 100. Converting fractions to percentages will help with understanding proportions and solving problems quickly.
To convert a fraction into a percentage:
1. Divide the numerator (top number) by the denominator (bottom number).
2. Multiply the result by 100.
3. Round the result to the desired decimal places if necessary.
For example, to convert the fraction 2/5 to a percentage:
(2 ÷ 5) x 100 = 0.4 x 100 = 40%
Likewise, you can convert percentages back to fractions by dividing the percentage by 100 and simplifying the fraction, if necessary.
In conclusion, understanding and calculating percentages is an essential life skill that has numerous practical applications. By familiarizing yourself with the various methods – the basic formula, decimals and proportions, or using fractions – you can ensure that you’re well-equipped to handle any percentage problem that comes your way.