How to calculate correlation coefficient on TI-84
A correlation coefficient is a statistical measure that helps in determining the degree of association or relationship between two variables. The range of correlation coefficient values lies between -1 and 1, where -1 denotes a strong negative relationship, 0 denotes no relationship, and 1 signifies a strong positive relationship. The TI-84 calculator is a powerful tool to calculate the correlation coefficient and this article will guide you through the step-by-step process.
Step 1: Input the Data
1. Turn on your TI-84 calculator.
2. Press STAT followed by ENTER to open the List Editor.
3. For inputting the two data sets (X and Y):
a. Clear any existing data in L1 and L2 by highlighting L1 or L2, pressing CLEAR, and then ENTER.
b. Enter the X values in L1 by typing each number followed by ENTER.
c. Move over to L2 using the arrow keys and enter the Y values in a similar manner.
Step 2: Set Up Scatter Plot (Optional)
An optional step before running correlation is to create a scatter plot to visualize any trends present in the data.
1. Press 2ND followed by Y= to access Stat Plot.
2. Press ENTER to turn up Plot1.
3. Use the down arrow key to select “ON” for Plot1 if not already selected, press ENTER.
4. With “Type” highlighted, press ENTER, and choose the first graph which represents Scatter plot.
5. Ensure that XList is set to L1 and YList is set to L2. If not, press 2ND followed by 1 for L1 or 2 for L2 accordingly.
To view your scatter plot:
a. Press ZOOM followed by 9 for ZoomStat to adjust your window settings.
b. Press GRAPH to view the scatter plot.
Step 3: Calculate the Regression
1. Press STAT followed by the right arrow key to move over to “CALC”.
2. Choose the appropriate regression model depending on your data distribution (1: LinReg for a linear relationship between variables).
3. Press ENTER twice to calculate the linear regression.
4. Write down the value of ‘r’, the correlation coefficient.
Step 4: Interpret the Result
Analyze the value of ‘r’ you obtained:
a. If ‘r’ is close to 1, there’s strong positive relationship between X and Y, i.e., when X increases, Y increases.
b. If ‘r’ is close to -1, there’s strong negative relationship between X and Y, i.e., when X increases, Y decreases.
c. If ‘r’ is close to 0, it indicates no significant relationship between X and Y variables.
Now that you know how to calculate the correlation coefficient using a TI-84 calculator, you can analyze the strength and direction of different sets of data points with ease. This will not only help you ascertain relationships but also make informed decisions based on your findings.